Immunodeficiency states: primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, treatment.

Immunodeficiency states: primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, treatment.

  • Primary immunodeficiency states – primary immunodeficiency often manifests itself in infancy and childhood. They are manifested by pathologically frequent or unusually occurring infectious processes. Deficiency in 70% of patients manifests itself under the age of 20 years and 60% of patients are men, due to the fact that many symptoms are linked to the X chromosome. The overall incidence of this disease is approximately 1 case per 280 people.
  • Second immunodeficiency states – they occur in the seriously ill and the elderly. This condition can occur with the loss of whey proteins. Disorders are often curable if the underlying disease is curable. There are also specific disorders, such as diabetes, HIV, AIDS, and others. Such cases are characteristic of secondary immunodeficiencies and are detected clinically. When they are found, the survey focuses on them.
  • The main symptoms:
  1. recurrent infectious process.
  2. chronic weakness, depressed mood, sweating
  3. frequent allergic reactions
  4. Dry skin, purulent skin diseases
  • Treatment is carried out with the help of immunomodulatory drugs. Their choice depends on the type of defect, its severity, the results of examinations and concomitant diseases. Additionally, along with them, you need to receive therapy for existing diseases.


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